'''Adam Smith''' (16 June 1723 New Style|NS (5 June 1723 Old Style|OS)
– 17 July 1790) was a Scottish Ethics|moral philosopher
, pioneer of political economy
, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment
Smith is best known for two classic works: ''The Theory of Moral Sentiments
'' (1759), and ''The Wealth of Nations|An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
'' (1776). The latter, usually abbreviated as ''The Wealth of Nations'', is considered his ''magnum opus
'' and the first modern work of economics
. Smith is cited as the father of modern economics and is still among the most influential thinkers in the field of economics today.
Smith studied social philosophy
at the University of Glasgow
and at Balliol College, Oxford
, where he was one of the first students to benefit from scholarships set up by fellow Scot, John Snell. After...